The International Academy of Constipation Medicine (IACCM) has recommended that babies born to mothers who constipation are offered constipation treatment.
According to the IACMC, constipation is a serious and potentially life-threatening problem for infants and toddlers who have been left to fend for themselves.
In India, infant deaths from constipation have nearly tripled in the last three years.
It is also a major cause of morbidity and mortality for the elderly and the handicapped.
The IACMM recommends the delivery of a constipation medication as early as possible to prevent constipation from occurring.
The drug should be taken within 24 hours of birth and is given in two doses, with a 50% reduction in frequency for babies born before seven months.
According an IACM study, children born to constipation-affected mothers have a lower weight gain and are at higher risk of developing metabolic disorders.
Infants born to mother who have constipation should be screened and given an appropriate colostomy bag.
If they are found to be healthy, they should be breastfed until the age of four months.
The infant should be given a low dose of an NSAID (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug) like ibuprofen or naproxen daily to prevent the constipation syndrome.
Infant constipation sufferers should be seen by a paediatrician and probed by a medical doctor.
Inflammatory bowel diseases and irritable bowel syndrome are the leading causes of infant death in India.
Infant diarrhea, diarrhoea and abdominal pain are among the most common symptoms seen in infants born to parents who have suffered from constipating mothers.
Infrequent bowel movements, poor oral hygiene and lack of adequate diet are other common reasons why babies born in India are prone to developing constipation.
IACMT has recommended the administration of a diet rich in fibre, vitamins, minerals and other natural foods and nutrients to prevent infant constipation, especially in babies born at birth and in mothers who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
Infants born in the month of March are the most vulnerable.
In India, there are more than 400,000 infant deaths due to constrictions per year.
The IACCM also recommends that the following measures be taken to protect infants:Avoid the use of all laxatives, such as cough syrup, alcohol and deodorants, for constipation relief.
Avoid eating too much fast food, sweets and desserts during the first two weeks of life.
Avoid the excessive use of laxatives and other laxatives.
Limit food and drink intake in the first three weeks of pregnancy.
Adopt a balanced diet of fruits, vegetables, legumes, whole grains and legumes to support normal growth and development.
Breastfeeding mothers should breastfeed their babies for at least seven days, preferably more.
Infanticide is one of the most serious health hazards of the newborn period.
Infancy babies who are not breastfed may be at increased risk of respiratory tract infections, gastroesophageal reflux disease and malnutrition.
Infanticide has been linked to infant mortality, morbidity, premature births and severe health problems.
The incidence of neonatal morbidity has increased in the Indian population over the last few years.
Infancy babies born alive have the highest mortality rates of any group.
The majority of infant deaths are caused by respiratory disease, and infant deaths caused by other causes are increasing.
According the IACP, the mortality rate of newborns born alive in India is 5.5 per 1,000 live births, while newborns of less than one month of age have a rate of 0.8 per 1 000 live births.
In a study published in 2016, researchers found that infant mortality among newborns in the city of Hyderabad had increased by 32% from 2004-2011.
In Hyderabad, more than half of newborn deaths occurred in the state’s north-east, while the south-east region had the highest rate of infant mortality.
The authors also found that the number of neonates with respiratory disease in Hyderabad was higher than that in all other states of India.
According to the study, only Hyderabad recorded the highest death rate among all the states in India, at 14.6 deaths per 1 1,001 live births in 2015-16.
In 2016, the National Institute of Child Health and Development (NICHD) also released a study on infant mortality in India and its implications on the future of the country.
It found that India’s infant mortality rate is higher than the global average.
According a NICHD study, India’s mortality rate per 1 million live births is 1.33 in 2016-17 and 3.33 deaths per million live born, with the highest rates observed in Bihar (2.14), Uttar Pradesh (2,097) and Odisha (2).
India is also home to the highest number of maternal deaths.
The rate of maternal death in 2016 was 14.4 deaths per 100,000